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​"It is not the strongest of the species that survives, nor the most intelligent that survives. It is the one that is the most adaptable to change."


Charles Darwin

Welcome to the Sol lab

Habitat loss and degradation are generally considered the most important threats to biodiversity. Most organisms do not tolerate well environmental changes, yet a few seem to perceive them as ecological opportunities. Unfortunately, we still do not understand well why species vary in their response to environmental changes. Our research seeks to understand how animals respond to changes, with particular focus on behavioural and life history responses to novel environments.

Recent representative studies

Čapkun-Huot, C., Blumstein, D. T., Garant, D., Sol, D., Réale, D. (2024). Toward a unified framework for studying behavioural tolerance. Trends in Ecology & Evolution.


Sol, D., Olkowicz, S., Sayol, F., Kocourek, M., Zhang, Y., Marhounová, L., ... Martin, T. E. (2022). Neuron numbers link innovativeness with both absolute and relative brain size in birds. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 6, 1381-1389.

Garcia-Porta, J., Sol, D., Pennell, M., Sayol, F., Kaliontzopoulou, A., Botero, C. A. (2022). Niche expansion and adaptive divergence in the global radiation of crows and ravens. Nature Communications, 13(1), 2086.

Sol, D., Garcia‐Porta, J., González‐Lagos, C., Pigot, A. L., Trisos, C., Tobias, J. A. (2022). A test of Darwin’s naturalization conundrum in birds reveals enhanced invasion success in the presence of close relatives. Ecology Letters, 25(3), 661-672.

Ducatez, S, D Sol, F Sayol, L Lefebvre (2020) Behavioural plasticity is associated with reduced extinction risk in birds. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 4, 1-6


Sol, D, C Trisos, C Múrria, A Jeliazkov, C González‐Lagos, AL Pigot, ... (2020) The worldwide impact of urbanisation on avian functional diversity. Ecology Letters 23 (6), 962-972

Maspons, J, R Molowny-Horas, D Sol (2019) Behaviour, life history and persistence in novel environments. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 374 (1781), 20180056

Sayol F, Maspons J, Lapiedra O, Iwaniuk A, Székeley T. & Sol D  (2016) Environmental variation and the evolution of large brains in birds. Nature Communications 7:13971

Sol, D., Sayol, F., Ducatez, S., Lefebvre, L. (2016) The life-history basis of behavioural innovations. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 371:20150187


Sol D, González-Lagos C, Moreira D, et al (2014) Urbanisation tolerance and the loss of avian diversity. Ecology Letters 17:942–950.


Lapiedra, O. , Sol, D., Carranza, S. & Beaulieu, J.M. (2013) Behavioural changes and adaptive diversification in pigeons and doves. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B. 280: 1471-2954.


Sol, D., Maspons, J., Vall-llosera, M., Bartomeus, I. García-Peña, G.E., Piñol, J. & Freckleton, R.P. (2012) Unravelling the life history of successful invaders. Science 337:580-583.

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